原创: 老鳳 圣无谛


THE PRESIDENT: Madam President, Mr. Secretary-General, world leaders, ambassadors, and distinguished delegates:


One year ago, I stood before you for the first time in this grand hall. I addressed the threats facing our world, and I presented a vision to achieve a brighter future for all of humanity.


Today, I stand before the United Nations General Assembly to share the extraordinary progress we’ve made.


In less than two years, my administration has accomplished more than almost any administration in the history of our country.

America’s — so true. (Laughter.) Didn’t expect that reaction, but that’s okay. (Laughter and applause.)


America’s economy is booming like never before. Since my election, we’ve added $10 trillion in wealth. The stock market is at an all-time high in history, and jobless claims are at a 50-year low. African American, Hispanic American, and Asian American unemployment have all achieved their lowest levels ever recorded. We’ve added more than 4 million new jobs, including half a million manufacturing jobs.


We have passed the biggest tax cuts and reforms in American history. We’ve started the construction of a major border wall, and we have greatly strengthened border security.


We have secured record funding for our military — $700 billion this year, and $716 billion next year. Our military will soon be more powerful than it has ever been before.


In other words, the United States is stronger, safer, and a richer country than it was when I assumed office less than two years ago.We are standing up for America and for the American people. And we are also standing up for the world.


This is great news for our citizens and for peace-loving people everywhere. We believe that when nations respect the rights of their neighbors, and defend the interests of their people, they can better work together to secure the blessings of safety, prosperity, and peace.


Each of us here today is the emissary of a distinct culture, a rich history, and a people bound together by ties of memory, tradition, and the values that make our homelands like nowhere else on Earth.


That is why America will always choose independence and cooperation over global governance, control, and domination.


I honor the right of every nation in this room to pursue its own customs, beliefs, and traditions. The United States will not tell you how to live or work or worship.We only ask that you honor our sovereignty in return.From Warsaw to Brussels, to Tokyo to Singapore, it has been my highest honor to represent the United States abroad. I have forged close relationships and friendships and strong partnerships with the leaders of many nations in this room, and our approach has already yielded incredible change.


With support from many countries here today, we have engaged with North Korea to replace the specter of conflict with a bold and new push for peace.

In June, I traveled to Singapore to meet face to face with North Korea’s leader, Chairman Kim Jong Un.


We had highly productive conversations and meetings, and we agreed that it was in both countries’ interest to pursue the denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula. Since that meeting, we have already seen a number of encouraging measures that few could have imagined only a short time ago.he missiles and rockets are no longer flying in every direction. Nuclear testing has stopped. Some military facilities are already being dismantled. Our hostages have been released. And as promised, the remains of our fallen heroes are being returned home to lay at rest in American soil.I would like to thank Chairman Kim for his courage and for the steps he has taken, though much work remains to be done. The sanctions will stay in place until denuclearization occurs.


I also want to thank the many member states who helped us reach this moment — a moment that is actually far greater than people would understand; far greater — but for also their support and the critical support that we will all need going forward.A special thanks to President Moon of South Korea, Prime Minister Abe of Japan, and President of China.In the Middle East, our new approach is also yielding great strides and very historic change.Following my trip to Saudi Arabia last year, the Gulf countries opened a new center to target terrorist financing. They are enforcing new sanctions, working with us to identify and track terrorist networks, and taking more responsibility for fighting terrorism and extremism in their own region.


The UAE, Saudi Arabia, and Qatar have pledged billions of dollars to aid the people of Syria and Yemen. And they are pursuing multiple avenues to ending Yemen’s horrible, horrific civil war.Ultimately, it is up to the nations of the region to decide what kind of future they want for themselves and their children.


For that reason, the United States is working with the Gulf Cooperation Council, Jordan, and Egypt to establish a regional strategic alliance so that Middle Eastern nations can advance prosperity, stability, and security across their home region.Thanks to the United States military and our partnership with many of your nations, I am pleased to report that the bloodthirsty killers known as ISIS have been driven out from the territory they once held in Iraq and Syria. We will continue to work with friends and allies to deny radical Islamic terrorists any funding, territory or support, or any means of infiltrating our borders.


The ongoing tragedy in Syria is heartbreaking. Our shared goals must be the de-escalation of military conflict, along with a political solution that honors the will of the Syrian people. In this vein, we urge the United Nations-led peace process be reinvigorated. But, rest assured, the United States will respond if chemical weapons are deployed by the Assad regime.


I commend the people of Jordan and other neighboring countries for hosting refugees from this very brutal civil war.As we see in Jordan, the most compassionate policy is to place refugees as close to their homes as possible to ease their eventual return to be part of the rebuilding process. This approach also stretches finite resources to help far more people, increasing the impact of every dollar spent.


Every solution to the humanitarian crisis in Syria must also include a strategy to address the brutal regime that has fueled and financed it: the corrupt dictatorship in Iran.Iran’s leaders sow chaos, death, and destruction. They do not respect their neighbors or borders, or the sovereign rights of nations. Instead, Iran’s leaders plunder the nation’s resources to enrich themselves and to spread mayhem across the Middle East and far beyond.The Iranian people are rightly outraged that their leaders have embezzled billions of dollars from Iran’s treasury, seized valuable portions of the economy, and looted the people’s religious endowments, all to line their own pockets and send their proxies to wage war. Not good.


Iran’s neighbors have paid a heavy toll for the region’s [regime’s] agenda of aggression and expansion. That is why so many countries in the Middle East strongly supported my decision to withdraw the United States from the horrible 2015 Iran Nuclear Deal and re-impose nuclear sanctions.The Iran deal was a windfall for Iran’s leaders. In the years since the deal was reached, Iran’s military budget grew nearly 40 percent. The dictatorship used the funds to build nuclear-capable missiles, increase internal repression, finance terrorism, and fund havoc and slaughter in Syria and Yemen.


The United States has launched a campaign of economic pressure to deny the regime the funds it needs to advance its bloody agenda. Last month, we began re-imposing hard-hitting nuclear sanctions that had been lifted under the Iran deal. Additional sanctions will resume November 5th, and more will follow. And we’re working with countries that import Iranian crude oil to cut their purchases substantially.


We cannot allow the world’s leading sponsor of terrorism to possess the planet’s most dangerous weapons. We cannot allow a regime that chants “Death to America,” and that threatens Israel with annihilation, to possess the means to deliver a nuclear warhead to any city on Earth. Just can’t do it.We ask all nations to isolate Iran’s regime as long as its aggression continues. And we ask all nations to support Iran’s people as they struggle to reclaim their religious and righteous destiny.


This year, we also took another significant step forward in the Middle East. In recognition of every sovereign state to determine its own capital, I moved the U.S. Embassy in Israel to Jerusalem.The United States is committed to a future of peace and stability in the region, including peace between the Israelis and the Palestinians. That aim is advanced, not harmed, by acknowledging the obvious facts.America’s policy of principled realism means we will not be held hostage to old dogmas, discredited ideologies, and so-called experts who have been proven wrong over the years, time and time again. This is true not only in matters of peace, but in matters of prosperity.


We believe that trade must be fair and reciprocal. The United States will not be taken advantage of any longer.For decades, the United States opened its economy — the largest, by far, on Earth — with few conditions. We allowed foreign goods from all over the world to flow freely across our borders.Yet, other countries did not grant us fair and reciprocal access to their markets in return. Even worse, some countries abused their openness to dump their products, subsidize their goods, target our industries, and manipulate their currencies to gain unfair advantage over our country. As a result, our trade deficit ballooned to nearly $800 billion a year.


For this reason, we are systematically renegotiating broken and bad trade deals.

Last month, we announced a groundbreaking U.S.-Mexico trade agreement. And just yesterday, I stood with President Moon to announce the successful completion of the brand new U.S.-Korea trade deal. And this is just the beginning.


Many nations in this hall will agree that the world trading system is in dire need of change. For example, countries were admitted to the World Trade Organization that violate every single principle on which the organization is based. While the United States and many other nations play by the rules, these countries use government-run industrial planning and state-owned enterprises to rig the system in their favor. They engage in relentless product dumping, forced technology transfer, and the theft of intellectual property.


The United States lost over 3 million manufacturing jobs, nearly a quarter of all steel jobs, and 60,000 factories after China joined the WTO. And we have racked up $13 trillion in trade deficits over the last two decades.But those days are over. We will no longer tolerate such abuse. We will not allow our workers to be victimized, our companies to be cheated, and our wealth to be plundered and transferred. America will never apologize for protecting its citizens.The United States has just announced tariffs on another $200 billion in Chinese-made goods for a total, so far, of $250 billion. I have great respect and affection for my friend, President , but I have made clear our trade imbalance is just not acceptable. China’s market distortions and the way they deal cannot be tolerated.


As my administration has demonstrated, America will always act in our national interest.I spoke before this body last year and warned that the U.N. Human Rights Council had become a grave embarrassment to this institution, shielding egregious human rights abusers while bashing America and its many friends.Our Ambassador to the United Nations, Nikki Haley, laid out a clear agenda for reform, but despite reported and repeated warnings, no action at all was taken.


So the United States took the only responsible course: We withdrew from the Human Rights Council, and we will not return until real reform is enacted.For similar reasons, the United States will provide no support in recognition to the International Criminal Court. As far as America is concerned, the ICC has no jurisdiction, no legitimacy, and no authority. The ICC claims near-universal jurisdiction over the citizens of every country, violating all principles of justice, fairness, and due process. We will never surrender America’s sovereignty to an unelected, unaccountable, global bureaucracy.


America is governed by Americans. We reject the ideology of globalism, and we embrace the doctrine of patriotism.Around the world, responsible nations must defend against threats to sovereignty not just from global governance, but also from other, new forms of coercion and domination.In America, we believe strongly in energy security for ourselves and for our allies. We have become the largest energy producer anywhere on the face of the Earth.


The United States stands ready to export our abundant, affordable supply of oil, clean coal, and natural gas.OPEC and OPEC nations, are, as usual, ripping off the rest of the world, and I don’t like it. Nobody should like it. We defend many of these nations for nothing, and then they take advantage of us by giving us high oil prices. Not good.We want them to stop raising prices, we want them to start lowering prices, and they must contribute substantially to military protection from now on. We are not going to put up with it — these horrible prices — much longer.


Reliance on a single foreign supplier can leave a nation vulnerable to extortion and intimidation. That is why we congratulate European states, such as Poland, for leading the construction of a Baltic pipeline so that nations are not dependent on Russia to meet their energy needs. Germany will become totally dependent on Russian energy if it does not immediately change course.Here in the Western Hemisphere, we are committed to maintaining our independence from the encroachment of expansionist foreign powers.


It has been the formal policy of our country since President Monroe that we reject the interference of foreign nations in this hemisphere and in our own affairs. The United States has recently strengthened our laws to better screen foreign investments in our country for national security threats, and we welcome cooperation with countries in this region and around the world that wish to do the same. You need to do it for your own protection.


The United States is also working with partners in Latin America to confront threats to sovereignty from uncontrolled migration. Tolerance for human struggling and human smuggling and trafficking is not humane. It’s a horrible thing that’s going on, at levels that nobody has ever seen before. It’s very, very cruel.Illegal immigration funds criminal networks, ruthless gangs, and the flow of deadly drugs. Illegal immigration exploits vulnerable populations, hurts hardworking citizens, and has produced a vicious cycle of crime, violence, and poverty. Only by upholding national borders, destroying criminal gangs, can we break this cycle and establish a real foundation for prosperity.


We recognize the right of every nation in this room to set its own immigration policy in accordance with its national interests, just as we ask other countries to respect our own right to do the same — which we are doing. That is one reason the United States will not participate in the new Global Compact on Migration. Migration should not be governed by an international body unaccountable to our own citizens.


Ultimately, the only long-term solution to the migration crisis is to help people build more hopeful futures in their home countries. Make their countries great again.Currently, we are witnessing a human tragedy, as an example, in Venezuela. More than 2 million people have fled the anguish inflicted by the socialist Maduro regime and its Cuban sponsors.Not long ago, Venezuela was one of the richest countries on Earth. Today, socialism has bankrupted the oil-rich nation and driven its people into abject poverty.Virtually everywhere socialism or communism has been tried, it has produced suffering, corruption, and decay. Socialism’s thirst for power leads to expansion, incursion, and oppression. All nations of the world should resist socialism and the misery that it brings to everyone.In that spirit, we ask the nations gathered here to join us in calling for the restoration of democracy in Venezuela. Today, we are announcing additional sanctions against the repressive regime, targeting Maduro’s inner circle and close advisors.


We are grateful for all the work the United Nations does around the world to help people build better lives for themselves and their families.The United States is the world’s largest giver in the world, by far, of foreign aid. But few give anything to us. That is why we are taking a hard look at U.S. foreign assistance. That will be headed up by Secretary of State Mike Pompeo. We will examine what is working, what is not working, and whether the countries who receive our dollars and our protection also have our interests at heart.


Moving forward, we are only going to give foreign aid to those who respect us and, frankly, are our friends. And we expect other countries to pay their fair share for the cost of their defense.The United States is committed to making the United Nations more effective and accountable. I have said many times that the United Nations has unlimited potential. As part of our reform effort, I have told our negotiators that the United States will not pay more than 25 percent of the U.N. peacekeeping budget. This will encourage other countries to step up, get involved, and also share in this very large burden.


And we are working to shift more of our funding from assessed contributions to voluntary so that we can target American resources to the programs with the best record of success.Only when each of us does our part and contributes our share can we realize the U.N.’s highest aspirations. We must pursue peace without fear, hope without despair, and security without apology.


Looking around this hall where so much history has transpired, we think of the many before us who have come here to address the challenges of their nations and of their times. And our thoughts turn to the same question that ran through all their speeches and resolutions, through every word and every hope. It is the question of what kind of world will we leave for our children and what kind of nations they will inherit.


The dreams that fill this hall today are as diverse as the people who have stood at this podium, and as varied as the countries represented right here in this body are. It really is something. It really is great, great history.There is India, a free society over a billion people, successfully lifting countless millions out of poverty and into the middle class.


There is Saudi Arabia, where King Salman and the Crown Prince are pursuing bold new reforms.There is Israel, proudly celebrating its 70th anniversary as a thriving democracy in the Holy Land.In Poland, a great people are standing up for their independence, their security, and their sovereignty.


Many countries are pursuing their own unique visions, building their own hopeful futures, and chasing their own wonderful dreams of destiny, of legacy, and of a home.The whole world is richer, humanity is better, because of this beautiful constellation of nations, each very special, each very unique, and each shining brightly in its part of the world.


In each one, we see awesome promise of a people bound together by a shared past and working toward a common future.As for Americans, we know what kind of future we want for ourselves. We know what kind of a nation America must always be.In America, we believe in the majesty of freedom and the dignity of the individual. We believe in self-government and the rule of law. And we prize the culture that sustains our liberty -– a culture built on strong families, deep faith, and fierce independence. We celebrate our heroes, we treasure our traditions, and above all, we love our country.


Inside everyone in this great chamber today, and everyone listening all around the globe, there is the heart of a patriot that feels the same powerful love for your nation, the same intense loyalty to your homeland.The passion that burns in the hearts of patriots and the souls of nations has inspired reform and revolution, sacrifice and selflessness, scientific breakthroughs, and magnificent works of art.Our task is not to erase it, but to embrace it. To build with it. To draw on its ancient wisdom. And to find within it the will to make our nations greater, our regions safer, and the world better.


To unleash this incredible potential in our people, we must defend the foundations that make it all possible. Sovereign and independent nations are the only vehicle where freedom has ever survived, democracy has ever endured, or peace has ever prospered. And so we must protect our sovereignty and our cherished independence above all.When we do, we will find new avenues for cooperation unfolding before us. We will find new passion for peacemaking rising within us. We will find new purpose, new resolve, and new spirit flourishing all around us, and making this a more beautiful world in which to live.


So together, let us choose a future of patriotism, prosperity, and pride. Let us choose peace and freedom over domination and defeat. And let us come here to this place to stand for our people and their nations, forever strong, forever sovereign, forever just, and forever thankful for the grace and the goodness and the glory of God.Thank you. God bless you. And God bless the nations of the world.


Thank you very much. Thank you. (Applause.)

相关报道: https://www.cbsnews.com/live-news/donald-trump-un-speech-united-nations-general-assembly-address-today-live-updates-2018-09-25/
美国大使馆官方翻译: https://china.usembassy-china.org.cn/zh/remarks-by-president-trump-to-the-73rd-session-of-the-united-nations-general-assembly-new-york-ny/


转自: http://jiangwanpop.blog.163.com/blog/static/17448307220101187585137/

各个英语学习论坛上,经常可以看到有关Chinglish(中式英语)的文章,但一般都是中国人写的。不过我看到一篇长文,也是有关Chinglish 的,但却是美国人写的,很有意思。这篇长文的标题是Chinglish 2 English(从中式英语到标准英语),作者是浙江大学的美国外教Chuck Allanson,内容则是Chuck在中国五年任教期间所听到、所看到的各种Chinglish说法。

Continue reading “老外眼里的中式英语PK标准英语”

Funny Leave Letters

English is funny...

1. Infosys, Bangalore: An employee applied for leave as follows:

Since I have to go to my village to sell my land along with my wife, please sanction me one-week leave.

2. This is from Oracle Bangalore: From an employee who was performing the “mundan” ceremony of his 10 year old son:

“as I want to shave my son’s head, please leave me for two days..”

3. Another gem from CDAC. Leave-letter from an employee who was performing his daughter’s wedding:

“as I am marrying my daughter, please grant a week’s leave..”

4. From H.A.L. Administration dept:

“As my mother-in-law has expired and I am only one responsible for it, please grant me 10 days leave.”

5. Another employee applied for half day leave as follows:

“Since I’ve to go to the cremation ground at 10 o-clock and I may not return, please grant me half day casual leave”

6. An incident of a leave letter

“I am suffering from fever, please declare one day holiday.”

7. A leave letter to the headmaster:

“As I am studying in this school I am suffering from headache. I request you to leave me today”

8. Another leave letter written to the headmaster:

“As my headache is paining, please grant me leave for the day.”

9. Covering note:

“I am enclosed herewith…”

10. Another one:

“Dear Sir: with reference to the above, please refer to my below…”

11. Actual letter written for application of leave:

“My wife is suffering from sickness and as I am her only husband at home I may be granted leave”.

12. Letter writing: –

“I am in well here and hope you are also in the same well.”

13. A candidate’s job application:

“This has reference to your advertisement calling for a ‘ Typist and an Accountant – Male or Female’… As I am both(!! )for the past several years and I can handle both with good experience, I am applying for the post.


今天看一个 livemark 的站点时,看到了这篇文章


太太的Blog 上也有些类似的文章,可以关注。

Reading Myths

1. Reading is linear. I had always figured reading was
a linear process; you know, start up front and grind through to the
very end in the exact order it was printed in. Reading is no more
linear than thinking is, (or I eventually discovered, than writing; few
writers start at the beginning — indeed, they usually "write the first
part last."

2. True reading is word-for-word. I started as a kid
looking at individual letters. They didn’t help much. Next I started
sounding out syllables. Finally, I could read whole words. Why stop
with words? Well, I know one reason… I had a college professor who made
us swear we had "Read every single word" of our collateral reading.
Why? He didn’t make us swear we’d "read every single letter." The
answer is simple: that professor (like me) had never moved from
letters, syllables, and words, to reading phrases, sentences and
paragraphs. He assumed the only way to read thoroughly was by the
laborious method of reading one word at a time.

3. Reading is a laborious task which takes a long time. Not at all! Reading can be both fun and fast. Indeed, speed reading is like auto racing — it is far more exciting.

4. All parts of a book are of equal value. This myth
persists until you actually write your own book. Then, all at once you
realize there is "filler" material , illustrations, and even sometimes
whole chapters jammed into a book just because the publisher insisted.
Take messages for instance. Ever hear a message and wish you could put
it on fast forward over that long story illustrating a point you
already understand? Well, in reading you can fast forward.

5. Reading faster will reduce retention. Sorry. It
should be that way, shouldn’t it? Those who groan slowly through a book
painstakingly sounding out every single word, maybe even moving their
lips, should get a greater reward shouldn’t they? Sorry. In fact, speed
reading techniques will increase one’s comprehension and retention.

Getting Ready to Read

So, we’re ready to read. But don’t read the book yet. There are a few steps to take first.

your mind could think about besides the reading material. Is there
conversation? Activity? TV? An uncomfortable seat? Music in the
background? (OK OK, I know many of my readers are college students who
claim they "study better" with music in the background. Go ahead and
claim it — but you are wrong. You might "like it" better, but you do
not study better. ANYthing which might occupy your mind waters down
your concentration — even occupying your "mind-in-background." Fool
yourself if you wish — but if you really are serious about reading
faster, eliminate distractions.

SECOND: Ask: What is my purpose? Why are you reading
this? And what kind of literature is it? Is it a classic or fiction
work you are reading for fun? Then, why hurry through it at all? Like a
leisurely meal, sit back and taste each bite — turn over the delicious
phrases in your mind. Or is collateral reading for a course where you
are must be familiar with the central notions? Then finding the notions
is why you are reading, right? Or maybe you are reading collateral
where you will be tested on the content? Or maybe collateral reading
where you will be required to say, "I read every single word?" Or is
this a book where you will be tested on the terms and dates therein?
Or, maybe you are just reading the book searching for some new ideas
for your own situation. Or you have to write a review. Or maybe you
plan to teach it to others. See how different your purpose might be for
each? Before you open the book, take a minute to state your purpose to
yourself. It will largely determine how you read the book from then on.

THIRD: Do a 10 minute PRE-READ. Take ten minutes or
less and pre-read the entire book. Go ahead and try this if you’ve
never done it before. Treat a book like a jigsaw puzzle. Dump it out,
then organize all the pieces first before putting it together. Read the
dust cover and any cover reviews. Then look through the author blurb.
Move to the Table of Contents and see if you can figure out the whole
book from this page. Page through the entire book, page by page and
glance through all summaries, tables, pull-out quotes,
diagrams(especially), and scan through all the section titles and you

Chances are you’ll find the KEY CHAPTER while you are doing this. Some publishers say (off the record, of course) "A book is simply one great chapter with a dozen other filler chapters." If this is so, find that chapter.

FOURTH: Read the KEY CHAPTER. Start using the rapid
reading techniques mentioned later to read this KEY CHAPTER through.
You are not obligated to wait until you have read all the chapters
before this one, as if you must eat your green beans before the ice
cream. The book is yours — go ahead and get the central idea before
you start!

Once you’ve read the key chapter you are ready to read the rest. In
order from the front to the back, or in some other order which better
suits your purpose. Now for some actual reading tips tips.


III. Rapid Reading Techniques

1. Raise your speed- comfort level. How comfortable
are you speeding in a car? How fast do you have to go before you feel
you are "on the edge?" 70 MPH? 90? 120? How about 210 MPH, the speed
the Indy car drivers can average? Get the point? Some people have
learned to drive faster; their comfort level has been raised. You can
do the same thing for reading. Face it, speed-reading isn’t mostly
about technique; it is about mind set. Indeed this may be the reason
you can play a CD while reading — you are merely driving along at
25MPH. Can you imagine an Indy car driver playing music in the
background? No. The driver focuses all his or her skills on the track.
If you are out for a Sunday afternoon stroll in your book, then ignore
this. But if you are serious about becoming a speed-reader, then start
expecting more of yourself.

2. See the book as a mine full of ORE not GOLD. Books
offer wonderful gold to the prospector. But the reader must sort
through tons of ore to find and refine the gold. The speed reader
changes mindsets: quits fooling around with the ore and searches for
the gold. What is a book anyway? What are words? They are "carriers" of
truth, thoughts, ideas, a thesis, information, terms, concepts,
notions. One reads a book to get the message, not to obsess on the
words. (I’m tempted here to talk about Bible study, but we shall let it
pass this time.) Switch your mindset to looking for the gold.

3. Quit Subvocalizing. Most of us learned to read by
sounding out the words. The trouble is, most of us never stopped. Sure,
maybe we no longer audibly sound them out, or even move our lips, but
in our heads we are "reading to ourselves." We have learned to read by
Mouth-and-Ear. To become a speed reader one must discard this habit (or
at least reduce it) and adopt the eye-and-mind method. It is mostly a
matter of mind set. Instead of acting like the ear (even in one inside
your head) is the route to the mind, begin believing that the eye is
the gate to the mind. Start drinking in books through your eyes. Let
the books pass into the mind directly from the eye, skipping the mouth
and ears. Go ahead and start trying it.

 4. Use your finger. For most beginning speed-readers
this is a shock. They remember reading in grade school with their
finger and assume it slows one down. Actually the finger is your pace
car. It leads you forward at a speedy pace, and keeps you on focus and
avoiding back-skipping. There are several ways to use your finger (or
hand) but just try it out for starters. As you improve, buy one of the
books on speed-reading and settle on the pattern which works best for

5. Break the Back-skip habit. Most of us read along a
line of type like this one to get the interpretation of the meaning,
but as we read our eyes jump back to dwell on a word we just passed. We
do this without knowing it. In fact, probably the only way to discover
how many times you back skip is to have someone watch you read and
count the eye-darts back. But, unless you have someone you feel pretty
comfortable staring you in the face while you read, just trust me —
you probably back-skip. How to stop? First confess you do it. Then
start recognizing when you do it. Finally when tempted to back-skip,
treat the book like a movie — that is, even if you miss something in a
movie, you don’t stop the video and replay it. You just let it flow on
through, hoping you’ll make it up later.

6. Use your peripheral vision. Just like you must develop a
muscle in the gym, so your mind can be trained to use the eye-gate to
take in a broader amount of data. For instance, instead of reading left
to right across the lines, pretend there is a line right down the
middle of this page and you are following the line. Let your eye take
in through peripheral vision the phrases to the right or left. Can you
do it? With practice you can train your mind to read on "both sides of
the road" even though your eyes are on the center line. To practice
this skill most speed readers actually draw lines down pages of a book
until they have mastered the skill with an invisible line. Let your
mind drink in the information on the page without looking directly at
it — just like you "see" the sides of the road when driving an

7. Learn to read KEY WORDS. 40-60% of the words on a
page are neither critical nor important. Indeed, if someone took
white-out and hid them from your sight, you could still figure out what
the paragraph was communicating. So, it stands to reason that if you
could figure out which are these KEY WORDS you could scan past the
other words and let your mind fill in the blank. Train your mind to
find these key words and you’ll add even more speed to your reading.

8. Eliminate "Bus Stops" (Eye rests). As your eyes
read down this line they stop periodically and "rest" on a word.
Children’s eyes often rest on every single word as they learn to read.
Then as you grow your eyes move smoothly down the line like a lawn
mower, then you stop a split second on a word, then start back up
again. Most reader never get over this habit, but like a bus stopping
at every corner, it slows down your progress. Try to reduce your eye
rests to 3-4 per line, maybe even less as you get better… keep the eye
moving smoothly line after line, letting your mind drink in the
knowledge on the line.

9. Take breaks. The research is clear. Steady reading
hour after hour is less efficient than taking a five minute break every
hour or less. Sit down to read 100 pages in the next hour. Set an alarm
even. Then reward yourself with a cookie or sandwich when you’ve
reached your goal in 60 minutes.

10. Set a time goal. Have a 300 page book to read?
Decide how fast you’ll read it. If you are not a speedy reader, maybe
you’ll only set the US average reading speed as your goal: one page a
minute (250 words/min.). Or if you are already an above average reader,
set 100 pages an hour and plunge in. If you picked 100 pages an hour,
that’s 50 in a half hour, 17 per 10 minutes or 1.7 pages per minute.
Keep on track… pretend like you are in an auto race… push yourself,
concentrate, get yourself out there on the "racer’s edge" — the line
just short of out-of-control, yet still in command. Do it; it will be


IV Retention Techniques

1. Underline, circle, make margin notes. Not
highlighting the whole page like some students do! Usually you will not
mark more than two or three items per page, and many pages will have no
markings. Marking pages increases recall — do you have a marked-up
Bible? If you do, you can almost "see" the page in your head when
recalling it. Marking helps. (Highlighting may help — your own
markings, however, are probably superior).

2. Dog-ear important pages. In a 250 page book there
will probably be 25 pages worth dog-earing. Turn down the page to
return later. The bigger the dog-ear the more important the page. Most
books have only four or five half-page-dog ears.

3. Transfer key notes to front of book. Got a great
point here? The central message? The quote which essentially represents
the whole book? Write it down in the front of the book. Why? Generally
speaking when it comes to new information you either "Use it or lose it
in 20 minutes." When you discover it, flip the book open to the front
and scribble it down; it will cement the notion into your mind. Better
yet, link it to something you already know and write that down too.
Linked information can be recalled far better than isolated information.

4. When finished, re-read dog-eared pages. Just run back through and re-read the gold. Here is the essence of the book (if you made judgements right going through).

 5. Now write an "abstract" in the back or front. You are
finished! Go for a pizza… but not just yet. Take a few more minutes and
write an "abstract" up front in your own words. When the writer
submitted the proposal for this book, he or she probably actually had a
single paragraph or page, outlining what this book was all about. To
summarize the book, simply "reverse engineer" the book back to the
author’s abstract or thesis.

6. Consider drawing a "MindMap" of the contents. If
you are going to be tested on this book, get someone to teach you how
to use Tony Buzan’s "Mind Map" to remember the entire book on a single
page. Remember, the mind mostly recalls ideas and pictures, not words.
A Mind Map will enable you to "picture" the whole book and you’ll look
like you posses a "photographic" (which you really don’t need, if you
simply follow the advice in this article).

7. But if you borrowed the book, and can’t mark it,
dog-ear it, or otherwise "use" this took — then use 3M stickers
instead of dog-ears, and write your comments on half-sheets of paper as
you go.

remember this: speed-reading is not some magical secret you can pick up
in ten minutes and Presto! You now can read 1000 words per minute.
True, you can learn to read faster; perhaps double your present
speed in two weeks. But to become a life-long rapid reader (like
becoming a proficient race car driver) takes time, concentration and
practice. This short article can get you started, but to really become
expert you’ll need to practice plenty.

To help you develop this skill further try one of the many books on rapid reading. (You only need one to start with, most all articles (like this one) books and courses basically cover similar techniques.)

Learn English by reading Dilbert’s Blog

Some native English speaker’s blog full of some wizard vocabularie for me. I take it as a good English learning resource. Such as this blog:

Who is Holier?

Here’s some more ammo to stir up things at your next gathering of inebriated relatives. Ask the following question:

Who is holier – Mother Teresa or Bill Gates?

Set the scene by pointing out that on Mother Teresa’s side of the ledger is her lifetime of spiritual inspiration and her good works helping the poor. Not too shabby.

On Bill Gate’s side, we have his targeted philanthropy – for vaccines and whatnot – that will probably end up saving the lives of 100 million people. And I think there’s a good chance he’ll convince his good friend Warren Buffet and perhaps others to do similar things with their own fortunes. So let’s add another 100 million for secondary effects. You could talk me down to an estimate of 10 million eventual saved lives, but still it’s a big number.

This should get the adults jabbering. Once they’re preoccupied denouncing Bill Gates as the Devil’s henchman (oh, it’ll happen), slip away and find where the smaller kids are playing. Round up the ones in the range of 5 to 8 years old and ask them this question:

If Santa Claus fought Jesus, who would win? Tell the kids that grandpa will give $5 to whoever comes up with the best answer.

Then leave the house as quickly as possible.


Five Tips to Invigorate Your Vocabulary
by Thad Peterson
Monster Staff Writer

Sometimes, it’s not the point you’re trying to make but the words you use to articulate it that leaves an indelible impression after you’ve left the interview.

“It’s extremely important that good vocabulary be part of the interview process,” says Tom DiFilippo, a recruiter for Kforce Professional Staffing. “I think it’s one of the major reasons why an individual gets hired or not.”

Where can you gain a superior vocabulary to get an edge in interviews? Here are five suggestions.

Subscribe to the Right Stuff

Read “up-market papers, not rubbish” to increase your vocabulary, suggests Ted Corcoran, president of Toastmasters International. With all due respect to tabloids and men’s magazines, you just won’t find the same breadth of words in Star or Maxim as you do in the New Yorker or Financial Times.

Greg Ragland, cofounder of the vocabulary-building program Executive Vocabulary, points out that “business publications that are specific to your industry are also an ideal place for learning new words, especially in a context where you can use them.”

Get in the habit of underlining or highlighting words so you can go back and look them up later. Of course, you can also carry a pocket dictionary with you, or do what Ragland did: Buy a dictionary pen — an electronic device that allows you to scan a word and then it digitally displays the definition.

Open Your Ears

If you pay close attention in board meetings, during seminars and conferences or simply in conversation, you are bound to hear new words — or at least words about which you have some uncertainty. Note them and verify their meanings later.

“In our meetings, when we heard [an unfamiliar] word, we’d just write it down on the back of our notebooks and would then look it up and incorporate that word into our active vocabularies,” says Ragland of his and his business partner’s original attempts at expanding their vocabularies.

Make the Right Acquaintances

Most of us don’t use vocabulary as a litmus test when making friends, but Corcoran suggests trying to spend time with well-spoken people. “If you find yourself in the company of somebody who speaks well, it’s a great learning experience to be in conversation with them,” he says. “Find somebody who’s already a master of expressing himself.” When you spend time with these people, their good habits can rub off on you; eloquence is infectious.

Repeat, Repeat, Repeat

Ragland has found an effective process for internalizing new words, which is good news even if it is a bit monotonous. He suggests saying a word out loud 25 times and then defining the word out loud 25 times. Then, find a sentence using that word and say that sentence aloud 25 times. “The repetition will help assimilate that word into your active vocabulary,” he explains.

Take a Greek or Latin Class

Understandably, this route might be a bit excessive for many people, but Corcoran suggests that if you really want to take your understanding of the English language to a new level, you need to explore its roots, which lie largely in these two languages.

Remember that much of expanding your vocabulary is a matter of persistence. Active vocabulary is so ingrained in speech patterns that it’s hard to modify, but if you continue to work at it diligently, a more expansive and stronger vocabulary will be your recompense).

Is the Payoff Worth the Work?

When you have so much to worry about in your job search, is using the word “affable” instead of “nice” really going to matter?

“Your vocabulary is how you express yourself and your ideas,” says Ragland. “If you’re using the right words to express your ideas and beliefs, you’re going to look sharp. A good vocabulary is going to denote, ‘This person is a little more educated and a little sharper than the other person who just came in to interview who didn’t use any impressive words.’”

Ragland notes that the trick isn’t using a rare, esoteric five-syllable term only 1 percent of the population would ever understand. Rather, he suggests using “power words,” words that send a strong message and convey your powerful grasp of the language without leaving your audience in the dark. See a sample list of Executive Vocabulary’s 550 power words here.


Bloomberg Columnists Andy Mukherjee .
China Has Revalued Yuan; What Happens Next?: Andy Mukherjee
July 22 (Bloomberg) — If punters end up making money betting on a much stronger yuan than China has so far allowed, they must thank the half-hearted Chinese currency revaluation.
Had the Chinese central bank made a more significant move, at least some speculators would have retreated on a view that Beijing had allowed as much flexibility as it could — for now.
However, with a tiny 2.1 percent change in the yuan from its fixed value of 8.3 to the U.S. dollar and no widening of the 0.3 percent trading band, further revaluations will very likely become self-fulfilling prophecies.
“Speculation in the short run will increase,” says New York University economist Nouriel Roubini, “as investors will test the narrow band and China’s willingness to not allow the currency to breach the band.”
The first change in the yuan’s exchange rate in a decade isn’t going to cool the overheated Chinese economy, nor will it narrow the U.S. trade deficit, or satisfy New York Senator Charles Schumer who wants to slap punitive tariffs on China.
Thus, the diplomatic case and the economic rationale for a stronger yuan are as valid as they were before the revaluation.
Meanwhile, there’s a crack in the door: Now that Beijing has gotten over its reluctance to give up the dollar anchor, it may find further revaluations politically easier to do.
The decision to manage the yuan against a Singapore-style currency basket shows that within China those who favor a market- oriented approach to macroeconomic management are gaining an upper hand in policymaking.
Symbolic Step
Even then, pending more meaningful appreciation, the yuan move is only a symbolic step. It may prove ineffectual in the face of the speculative money that may come rushing into China, straining against the upper end of the yuan’s trading band.
New York University’s Roubini, an economics adviser in President Bill Clinton’s administration, has been a leading critic of China’s currency peg. In a July 16 posting on his Web site, he predicted that, “it’s highly likely that a modest Chinese currency revaluation will occur in the fall of 2005.”
Yesterday’s modest appreciation is, as Roubini now says, “the beginning of a much larger currency regime change in China and Asia.”
Sure enough, soon after China announced its decision, Malaysia scrapped the ringgit’s link to the dollar and said it would adopt a managed float. Hong Kong, however, said it would keep its currency pegged to the U.S. dollar.
One-Way Street
China needs to raise interest rates boldly to stamp out overcapacity in industries such as steel and property. It can’t do that as long as its undervalued currency remains a magnet for speculative capital.
By going for a small revaluation, China may have bought a little more time. Soon, however, it may have to act again. For speculators, the yuan remains a one-way street.
To contact the writer of this column:
Andy Mukherjee in Singapore at amukherjee@bloomberg.net.
Last Updated: July 21, 2005 17:57 EDT


  On May 30th, the China Securities Regulatory Commission (CSRC) and the State-owned Assets Supervision and Administration Commission of the State Council jointly promulgated a Document on pilot reform in split share structure. On May 31st, the CSRC issued an announcement of the official launch of the second round of experiment on split share structure, which has been discussed for a long time. Meanwhile, the A-share market in Shanghai is suffering a sharp reduction. Till 13:45 on June 1st, the index reached 1035.90, which was a historically lowest point since September 1998.
  The indigestion phenomenon of market with split share structure has persisted for a month. At the same time, the stock index go through a rapid fall in May. After its drop at the pass of Point 1057, it seems general trends that it will go down the Point 1000, which has been considered as the mental bottonline. Therefore, there is a heated argument on the feasibility of stock market segmentation.
  In our opinion, the split share structure is one of the prospects in China’s stock market. We should appreciate the efforts of promoting reforms in split share structure made by the supervision authorities. Meanwhile, it should not be subjected to the stock indexes. It is the exclusive objective that the lasting and healthy development of the stock market.
 When we choose listed companies on experiment, we should make those companies with outstanding achievement and promising future, even some Blue Chip Share a top priority.
  Founder of Visionary Vehicles, Malcolm Bricklin, announced partnership with Chery Automobile Company located in China. Bricklin plans to import a new line of quality vehicles from China as soon as 2007.
  According to the deal, privately held Visionary Vehicles has committed to invest $200 million in the production program at Chery for the US market and to introduce 250,000 vehicles in the U.S. by 2007, and a million units a year within another five years.
  Vehicles made in China will enter the American market sooner or later, and China will become globally carmaking base one day, which has been consensus of industrial players and analysts. The entrepreneurial Malcolm Bricklin is the first people to open the door. His career is filled with success and failure, and so were his partners. Can he build Visionary?Chery outlets and have a win-win deal in the American market?
  To ease the concerns from trade partners, the Finance Ministry unveiled on May 20 a staggering 400 per cent increase on export tariffs on 74 classes of products starting on June 1. But it is a pity that both EU and the US failed to accept the policy. After only 10 days China declared that export tariffs on 81 categories of textile products will be lifted, including the 74 for which 400 per cent increases were announced.
  We have to make corresponding policy adjustment since the EU and the US have set controls on Chinese textile exports, said Minister of Commerce Bo Xilai. The latest restrictions imposed by the US side will affect US$2 billion worth of Chinese exports and 160,000 jobs, while the EU action will lead to a loss of US$300 million exports and corresponding jobs.
  The adjustment, which is beyond many observers?anticipation against US and EU tariff wall, will help ease the burden on Chinese enterprises, which are already operating on razor-thin profit margins.
  Dalian Software Park has been developed to be the Bangalore in Northeast Asia from scratch during the past seven years. Xia Deren, mayor of Dalian told the Observer, Dalian, the former oilindustry, shipbuilding and manufacturing base, has seen its future of software outsourcing.?In history, Dalian was once occupied by Japanese. A long-time colonization is a mental scar and a traumatic experience for Dalian. For this reason, Dalian’software industry is closely related with Japan. Dalian exported its software products at 200 million dollars, especially to Japan and outsourcing is its core service.
  But compared with Bangalore, Dalian still has a long way to go in the aspect of size and quality of its IT technicians. HISOFT CEO Li Yuanming said, With their developed outsourcing services, Indian enterprises are college students while Dian’s are pupils.?
  The year of 2005 marks the 140th anniversary of the establishment of HSBC.
  Over the past century, HSBC”s business in the China mainland, especially Shanghai has gone from strength to strength.HSBC has furthered its development on the Chinese mainland following the nation”s introduction of the opening up and refarm policy Right after taking office.
  Vincent HC Cheng, the first Chinese native chairman of HSBC visited Shanghai, which is regarded as the key city to HSBC?future development.
  So far, HSBC has made an investment of 30 billion yuan in China mainland and become one of the largest financial institutions among all the foreign banks in China. As China will open private RMB business to foreign bank branches in 2006, many foreign banks think it is an opportunity to expand their share in China market. As time goes by, HSBC, Standard Chartered, and ABN AMRO are speeding up their expasion of network of branches all over China.
  Nine top TV-makers took part in television enterprises summit in Beijing on May 28th. The nine companies, including TCL, Changhong, Skyworth, Konka, Hisense, Haier, Xoceco, Panda and SVA have reached seven points of consensus in the summit and announced building a committee to design Chinese TV patent and standard.
  The nine companies held a similar summit last time in 2000, calling for price protection when facing a price war. Do they reunite this time? Unlike the last summit, The whole industry is hitting out initiatively.?Skyworth vice president Shen Jianming told the Observer.
  The whole television industry is transferring into flat from CRT. On this turning point, fors Chinese or foreign enterprises, whoever holds the top technology dominates the market.
  Ba Shusong(Deputy Director General of the Financial Research Institute under the DRC)
  Under the circumstance of split share structure, it is hardly possible for investors to process the actual value investment, even for those institutional investors, who have been confirmedly considering that they are going through value investment, such as the Qualified Foreign Institutional Investor (QFII). As a matter of fact, it is nothing but simulative value investment. Heretofore, it is said that quite a few of the institutional investors used to carry out so-called value investment ignoring such a system defect of stock market segmentation.
  When we embark on the settlement of this problem, it’s natural that the simulative value investment is exposed to challenges.
  It’s a general trend that there is variance in shareholder interests between non-floatable shares and floatable shares, which is also the basis when we make lots of judgment on stock market.
  If we extend such an attitude to the pilot reform in split share structure, it might bring along a great deal of misunderstanding.
Dennis Z. Yue(V.P. of Chia Tai International)
  On the debate of RMB exchange rate between China and west, the exchange rate of RMB is combined with trade issue by American politicians. They think that China intentionally underestimated the exchange rate of RMB on the condition of not getting advantage terms of trade by tariff or non-
tariff wall after entering WTO, thus enhancing the global competition of Chinese products.
  But they ignored the exchange rate as an important part of financial system. Even if China makes profits from the current currency price and change the fixed exchange rate, or makes appreciation under the fixed exchange rate, the financial system must endure shock wave.
 Probable financial risks include monetary aggregates changes, loan supply changes, currency structure changes, and even changes of real estate, bond market and stock market.
Stephen Green(CEO of HSBC”s Group)
  On May 18th eight new currency pairs?will be introduced into China’s Foreign Exchange Trading System (CFETS). This will mean transactions involving EUR/USD, AUD/USD,GBP/USD, USD/JPY, USD/CAD, USD/CHF, USD/HKD and EUR/JPY will be traded on a new CFETS platform. The event has triggered considerable speculation about whether the USD/CNY currency peg will also be reformed on the same day. While we believe a moderate band widening is imminent, there is little logic in this move being tied to the CFETS expansion.When CFETS was established in 1994, it hosts only four currency pairs? What has all this to do with CNY reform? Not a lot. The new pairs is not a new business for banks in China. The move does suggest though that the PBoC is ambitious to concentrate China’s FX market on one platform where trades can be monitored, rather than allowing it to be dispersed through OTC transactions.
Deng ti shun(Director of China Research Center of Goldman Sachs. Global Strategy Research)
  The China Securities Regulatory Commission (CSRC) has launched a provisional program on split share structure. Even though the realization of the whole program requires quite a long time, we are confident that it contributes to establishing a basic pattern for the split share structure in domestic listed companies. In our opinion, it is more important to cancel the issue of non-floatable shares in Initial Public Offerings (IPOs), which will bring consistency between Chinese regulations with international mature conventions, and will further rescue investors from concentrating on intractable problems of non-floatable shares.
  We believe the CSRC.s market-based program sets up a basic framework for resolving the split share structure issue for domestic listed companies, although it might take a long time to complete the entire share disposal program.